1.1 Case Study – T shirts Ltd
You are a finance trainee for a company of Vests plc and have been asked by your marketing manager to
review the business of your key competitor T-shirts plc and to assist her with helping the marketing team
understand financial information.
You know that T-shirts plc is struggling in the current economic climate and that other expenses have risen as
a result of an aggressive advertising campaign to stimulate sales.
Your sales manager has informed you that T-shirts plc increased the credit terms given to their customers
from 30 days to 60 days in an attempt to attract more business.
The rate of interest on the bank overdraft in 2019 is significantly higher than the rate of interest on the loan.
Prepare a 2,500 word business report for your manager providing analysis and business advice following the
Presentation and format:
Business report with a title page, contents page and clear structure. It must be written in an appropriate
business tone with appropriate Harvard reference where necessary. Note no introduction is required. No
marks will be awarded for an introduction. 5 marks
Part 1: Business Performance Analysis: 40 marks total
To support your analysis for this part you will need to calculate and use appropriate ratios using the course
definitions. You need to show all ratio calculations workings which should be placed in the appendices to your
1.1. Statement of Profit or Loss
Analyse and comment on the financial performance of T-shirts Ltd using the case study information and
exhibit 1. Your analysis should critically evaluate all the lines of the Statement of Profit or Loss.
1.2. Statement of Financial Position
Analyse and comment on the financial position of T-shirts Ltd using the case study information and exhibit 1.
Your analysis should critically evaluate all the lines of the Statement of Financial Position.
Part 2: Understanding Financial Information & Management of Cash: 25 marks
2.1. Explain the concept of accrual accounting versus cash accounting, including the benefits and any
limitations of each, with examples from this case study where relevant. 15 marks
2.2. What is meant by Profit and Cash flow and how they are different. 10 marks
Part3: Budget techniques and Company Finance: 30 marks
3.1. Define Budget and explain purposes of preparing a budget. 15 marks
3.2. What might be the main benefits of forming a limited company and listing it on a stock exchange.
The word limit of 2,500 words excludes numerical tables, bibliography and appendices.
To assist you with this task you have been supplied with the following information:
Exhibit 1: Extracts from T-shirt Ltd’s Financial Statements for 2019, including the Statement of Profit or
Loss, and the Statement of Financial Position.
1.3. Assessment Submission Structure
Part 1: Business Performance Analysis
1.1 Statement of Profit or Loss
1.2 Statement of Financial Position
Part 2: Understanding Financial Information & Management of cash
2.1 Accruals vs cash accounting
2.2 Profit vs Cash flows
Part 3: Budget and Company Finance
3.1 Meaning and Purposes of Budget
3.2 Benefits of forming a limited company and getting it registered on a stock exchange
Bibliography as required