Natural Rubber is widely used in various applications due to its unique properties such as hyperelastic, good dynamic properties and excellent energy absorption. However, there are some drawbacks of this material such as sensitive to temperature, low resistance to ozone, low tear strength, has allergenic potential, etc. Various research works have been conducted to improve the properties of natural rubber for advanced applications.

Identify an advanced application of rubber in modern engineering and technology below:

  • Rubber for Seismic and Vibration Isolation: Seismic bearing, or base isolator,
    minimizes earthquake impact on structures by providing flexibility and isolating them
    from ground motion.

     Your response should critically analyze various techniques used to improve the properties of natural rubber and different potential manufacturing methods to produce the natural rubber component for the chosen application. Your report should also provide a critical appraisal of current research and development in this field (including environmental impact and future perspective). It is expected that the evidence used will come from up to 15 recent reports and peer reviewed journal articles. Your response should include one figure from the literature, suitably referenced.

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